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As the Android ecosystem grows, Android platform solutions and libraries have evolved with it. In this post, you’ll learn about design patterns, architecture, and essential solutions for Android and how they have evolved over Android’s long history. Next, you’ll design the user interface by creating XML layout files and adding various UI components such as buttons, text views, and images.

Android developer roadmap

However, understanding the overall Android platform architecture will definitely help you to build better Android applications. Every Android project must have an AndroidManifest.xml file which describes essential information about the application such as the package name, entry points, components, permissions, and metadata. Here is the list of items that you are going to need when developing Android applications. Please note that this is an exhaustive list, and you don’t need to know it all from the get-go.


Stream is proudly designed, built and continually enhanced in Boulder, CO, and Amsterdam, NL; with a global remote team. Again, don’t be intimidated by the amount of information on this roadmap. This project includes a demo project which shows the roadmap image. We have also listed down some free resources which you can use for the items listed in the image above. Also, you don’t need to go through all of them, just go through them and pick what you like. For the languages, you can develop Android apps either by using Kotlin or Java.

Android developer roadmap

You can also manipulate the network responses by attaching a CallAdapter, which allows you to handle the raw responses and model the response types to your desired types. For more information about this, check out Modeling Retrofit Responses With Sealed Classes and Coroutines. We’ve already discussed RxJava before in the Design Patterns section.


Gradle is a build automation tool used in Android development to manage project dependencies, compile source code, package resources, and generate APK files. Dependencies refer to external code resources that an Android project relies on. They can include libraries, plugins, or other code modules required by the application to function properly. XML (Extensible Markup Language) has been the traditional approach for building Android app interfaces. It is a markup language that uses a hierarchical structure to define the layout and appearance of user interfaces.

To reduce that time, asynchronous programming provides efficient validation of the data state. The View draws the components of the UI, which the user can interact with. A ViewGroup acts as a container for the Views and other ViewGroup objects, as shown in the image above. The best way to understand an activity is to look at an app screen.

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Google also supports many Jetpack libraries integrations and compatibilities, such as ViewModelScope and LifecycleScope, you gain many advantages if you choose coroutines as a concurrency solution. MVI (Model-View-Intent) is also a popular architecture in modern Android development since Jetpack Compose has brought declarative programming to our lives. Software design pattern is a reusable solution to solve repeated and common software problems in software engineering.

Android developer roadmap

So in this article, we are going to discuss all these things in detail. One of the more powerful APIs in the Java API framework is Android Jetpack, which is pushed by Google. Jetpack accelerates development speed by reducing boilerplate code so that developers can focus on the code they care about. Android Runtime (ART) is an application Runtime System used by Android OS and one of the core features in the Android ecosystem. ART was invented to replace the Dalvik virtual machine for devices running Android version 5.0 (L​ollipop) or higher.

Learn the paradigm of asynchronous programming

Luckily there are solutions to execute computationally heavy business work without blocking the main thread, and they make it possible not to need to handle each thread manually one by one. As you may have noticed, this is the maximized combination of the SOLID design principles. MVI works on top of the other patterns, such as MVP or MVVM, with state management mechanisms, which means MVI architecture can bring the Presenter or ViewModel concepts depending on your architectural design.

  • Jetpack Compose, on the other hand, is a modern UI toolkit introduced by Google.
  • It was initially designed for the JVM environment and combines functional and object-oriented programming.
  • Room is an Android Jetpack library by Google, which provides an abstraction layer over SQLite that simplifies querying and accessing the database without complicated SQL statements.
  • Initially, as a beginner, if you get overwhelmed with so many concepts then don’t be afraid and stop learning.
  • However, those libraries require a lot of boilerplate code and do not support Android platform compatibility, such as connectivity features, security support, and DNS (Domain Name System) resolution.
  • If you want to explore an open-source project built with MVI architecture and design patterns discussed above, check out WhatsApp Clone Compose on GitHub.

It’s essential to regularly evaluate the roadmap’s relevance and feasibility, considering external factors, feedback, and evolving priorities. While roadmaps provide a valuable framework, it is ultimately up to individuals and organizations to assess and determine whether following the roadmap aligns with their goals and circumstances. However, it’s important to recognize that roadmaps are not set in stone and can be subject to change. Flexibility and adaptability are crucial, as unforeseen events or new information may require adjustments along the way. I have already created an Android development roadmap video on my youtube channel where I have described every topic in detail.

Below is the broken-down version of the roadmap, with links and resources to learn more about each of the items listed in the complete roadmap above. Before exploring the Jetpack libraries, let’s discuss the recommended app architecture by Google. Tabs navigate to different screens when users touch a menu, and you can combine swipeable behaviors with ViewPager. For more information, check out the Create swipe views with tabs using ViewPager guide. In this section, we’ve discussed the fragment and how to create various types of fragments.

The last step we’re going to cover is the basics of how you can manage your application build. At the most basic level, Google now advocates single activity apps where different screens are loaded as content within the same activity. Retrofit is a type-safe REST client for Android, which aims to make it easier to consume RESTful web services. Retrofit makes it easy to consume JSON or XML data which are parsed into Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs).

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Many analysts are neutral about Amgen (AMGN, $257.62), a bio-pharma firm. Though some new drugs are off to a good start and selling well, that’s been offset by slowing sales for its older treatments, which are under pressure from competitors. Argus Research analyst John Staszak certainly believes LULU is one of the best stocks to buy for the long term. “It has really been able to carve out a strong position based on its patented technology,” says Parnassus Mid Cap fund co-manager Lori Keith. And once installed, customers tend to stick – Workday has a customer retention rate of 95%.

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Is this a test of the ‘own it, don’t trade it’ mantra on Club name Apple (AAPL)? While it’s still early days, Temu has already amassed over 100 million active users in the U.S. as of May. Besides, the South China Morning Post reported that Temu is already available in 38 countries, including the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and others. It has also entered the Philippines, a market where Sea Limited’s Shopee is the dominant player. Given EL is a 100% prestige pure-play with strong brand positioning, we see EL continuing to gain share.

Both sales and earnings are critical factors in the success of a company. Companies with quarterly EPS or revenue growth of more than 1,000% were excluded as outliers. After struggling for a year, the US’s technology sector is set for a rebound.

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As for that dividend, ADM has issued 50 years of consecutive increases to its payout – most recently lifting it by 12.5% in January 2023. This not only makes Archer-Daniels-Midland one of the best dividend stocks to own, but one of the best stocks to buy period. Real estate investment trusts (REITs), among the most interest-rate-sensitive industries, have fallen an average of roughly 17% over the past year. Dividend yields are calculated by annualizing the most recent payout and dividing by the share price. AI will require orders of magnitude more in microprocessing capability. To keep abreast of the rapid developments, most will turn to the cloud, as only centralised hardware operations will be able to keep up with the technological advancements.

But it wasn’t until late May in 1908 when oil actually spewed from a “last chance” well in a remote area of Persia. Today, the company is the second-largest producer of coal in the eastern U.S., with underground mining operations in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. It sold 28.2 million tons of coal in 2020, and 32.3 million tons of coal in 2021. (ARLP) became the first publicly traded master limited partnership (MLP) in the coal industry. Interestingly, though, Alliance Resource Partners has been in the coal mining business since 1971. And analysts have picked their favorite spots to make money this year.

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In the coming quarters, expect Disney to continue growing its streaming revenue, but with a greater focus on profitability. Chapek, in his last earnings release, predicted Disney+ would be profitable in fiscal year 2024. Iger oversaw the launch of Disney+ in 2019 and likely doesn’t want to miss Chapek’s prediction. After Disney missed consensus earnings estimates in its September quarter by $0.20, the company announced the replacement of CEO Bob Chapek.

Founded by Larry Ellison in 1977, today Oracle is among the biggest software developers in the global market. The company’s software and hardware applications have powered the rise of the internet for more than four decades. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company could be the biggest tech company you’ve never heard of. Founded in 1987, Taiwan Semi is the world’s largest independent manufacturer of semiconductor chips and makes more than 11,000 products. The company’s shares trade on both New York and Taiwan stock exchanges. The best tech stocks come from companies that are building the future.

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Oil was already in short supply as the global economy opened up post-pandemic; then came the war in Ukraine. Haliburton stands to benefit as oil companies ramp up production. This tech behemoth was favoured more than most other technology companies in 2022, down only 17% on the year and continuing to benefit from its oligopoly in the application download and its strong position in phones. The cash flow burn of their Alexa programme weighs heavily on investors’ minds as Meta (Facebook) has spent so freely on its new-age immersive technology – $36bn spent on the Metaverse.

Patterson expects crude prices could retreat a bit amid “weakness in China’s economy,” and overall, they will likely keep jumping around. Companies will continue to invest in software and hardware solutions to high labor costs, he says, and many of the firms have “fantastic” balance sheets. Haliburton (HAL, $38.58) is one of the world’s largest energy services companies, according to Argus Research, with more than 40,000 employees and operations in over 70 countries. It supplies products and services to assist in energy exploration and production, from locating the oil to constructing and completing the well to managing geological data.

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Lilly EVP and CEO Anat Ashkenazi says the product portfolio can support “top-tier, volume-driven revenue growth” through 2030. In 2023, the company expects $30.3 to $30.8 billion in revenue and non-GAAP earnings per share of $8.10 to $8.30. Both ranges show growth from expected year-end 2022 results—$28.5 to $29 billion in revenues and $7.70 to $7.85 in non-GAAP earnings per share. Mizuho on Thursday raises its price target on business-software firm Intuit (INTU) to $600 a share, up from $550, while reiterating a buy rating on the stock. The firm’s call comes on the heels of the launch of Intuit Assist, a new generative artificial intelligence-powered assistant.

Chapek had made some unpopular moves, including raising theme park prices and initially overlooking Florida’s “Don’t Say Gay” bill. Iger, now on a two-year contract, was well-liked as Disney’s CEO between 2005 and 2020. Dollar General actively returns value to shareholders through share repurchases and dividends.

For fiscal year 2022, Enphase Energy achieved earnings of $4.62 per share and total revenue of $2.33 billion. That translates to 91.7% annual earnings cpa vs cfa salary in india growth and 68.7% annual revenue growth. These results also bested estimates for earnings of $4.44 per share on $2.31 billion in revenue.

Gas prices jumped in August, while underlying prices pressures were mostly mild

Also importantly, MGM expects its sports-gambling joint venture, BetMGM, to become profitable in 2023. Additionally, Barry Diller, who has successfully turned around many companies, has a 16.5% stake in MGM stock. When Pinduoduo (PDD -0.63%) went public in 2018, most investors hadn’t heard about it. There were already two giants (Alibaba and in the Chinese e-commerce market, so the 3-year-old company was probably another one of these wannabe e-commerce platforms that would fade over time. On the other hand, there is a chance that the company’s production could be delayed.

Like TSLA and PLUG, SHLS is expected to get a big lift from new tax credits that will kick in starting next month. In Shoals’ case, higher tax credits for solar energy should boost the demand for its products in the U.S. Meanwhile, and the company should also get a lift from the EU’s tremendous efforts to increase its utilization of solar energy. Buying tech stocks lets investors dial up the risk in their portfolios to increase their returns. While risk certainly cuts both ways, buying fast-growing tech names is a very effective way of boosting returns in a low interest rate environment. Oracle is a multinational software corporation that specializes in database applications and cloud computing.

However, shares are rebounding, and are up nearly 30% since late May. Additionally, Advanced Micro Devices “continues to release innovative new products, as it expands from PC, data center and gaming to AI workloads in the hyperscale space.” In the financial markets, 2022 has been the tale of two sectors. To date, rapidly growing companies that derive a capital valuation from a multiple of future profits over access to cheap capital have faltered as the price of capital has risen.

That’s when Winston Churchill, in 1914, entered the picture, as he was looking for a dedicated oil supply for the British Royal Navy, which he led at the time. For more than 40 years, Axcelis Technologies, Inc. (ACLS) has provided equipment and services to leading semiconductor companies around the world. Specifically, the company offers ion implant platforms that better optimize the semiconductor fabrication process. Axcelis Technologies’ Purion platform has been particularly popular, as it addresses many of the challenges that companies face during semiconductor fabrication. Even better, great businesses function as inflation “pass through” vehicles.

A recent Morgan Stanley report predicts inflation will dip down to 2.4% by the end of 2023, the rate hikes will end and the economy will flatline but not shrink.

“In past years AMD has gained meaningful global market share in CPUs for data center and client, mainly at Intel’s (INTC) expense,” says Argus Research analyst Jim Kelleher, who has a Buy rating on AMD. The underlying trend for eCommerce is one of growth, not only of the broader economy and new markets but the share that is being incrementally won every year from conventional in-store retail. The combination of economic expansion, new products and geographic markets, and the shift from in-store to online, will continue to serve AMZN well. Before deciding on which specific stocks to invest in, it is first worthwhile selecting the sectors and markets that you believe have the greatest opportunity and, by extension, the greatest probability of success.

On the date of publication, Chris Markoch did not have (either directly or indirectly) any positions in the securities mentioned in this article. The industry shift to streaming continues, and Netflix remains a clear leader. Visa is a key beneficiary of resilient consumer spending and consumers’ /businesses’ ongoing migration from cash to electronic payments. Visa runs one of the largest centralized consumer payment networks globally, processing US$8.8 trillion in payment volume in FY20.

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The company’s three-year annualized dividend growth is nearly 15%. Dollar General stock is up 3% in 2022, even as the S&P 500 has fallen nearly 20%. Throughout this year, the chain has reported increases in foot traffic and in how much customers spend at each transaction. Heading into 2023, there is more uncertainty than usual about what will happen next. The Fed may continue to push interest rates higher and the U.S. economy may slip deep into recession.

  • Visa runs one of the largest centralized consumer payment networks globally, processing US$8.8 trillion in payment volume in FY20.
  • If you’re invested in the right stocks, you can still make money in this inflationary environment.
  • While recovering a bit on Friday, shares of Club name Apple (AAPL) lost more than 5% this week, taking the Dow, the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq with them.

Those developments could also boost PLUG stock and the names that trade with it. It was a down week for the major stock market benchmarks as rumors of an iPhone ban for government employees in China sparked concerns over increasing tensions between Washington and Beijing. While recovering a bit on Friday, shares of Club name Apple (AAPL) lost more than 5% this week, taking the Dow, the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq with them. These are the top penny stocks as ranked by a growth model that scores companies based on a 50/50 weighting of their year-over-year revenue and earnings-per-share (EPS) growth in the most recent quarter.

For other static pages (such as the Russell 3000 Components list) all rows will be downloaded. For reference, we include the date and timestamp of when the list was last updated at the top right of the page. The company is still working through its Sprint integration plan. With progress to date ahead of schedule, T-Mobile recently raised its merger synergies guidance. The company had previously estimated merger-related cost savings of $5.4 billion to $5.6 billion. Shareholders have enjoyed dividend increases in each of the last eight years.

In the U.S., its EVs will benefit from a new $7,500 tax credit, and in China, the economy and auto sales will likely be boosted by the country’s reopening. International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) has been losing ground for nearly eight years, plagued by poor management and aggressive competition. The old school tech behemoth took a giant leap forward in November, splitting off slower performing divisions into Kyndryl Holdings Corp. (KD). That stock has dropped like a rock since coming public, as it should, while the slimmed-down IBM has gained a modest 2%. Those gains should accelerate in 2022, with a rally above 155 signaling the first uptrend since 2013.

The idea is to build a massive user base (currently 73.5 million accounts) before shifting the business plan into profit-taking mode. It should take several years, since Roku’s international expansion is in an early stage. Instead, this company offers customized enterprise AI solutions, fine-tuned to fit more than 40 specific industries. Client companies handpick the right AI solution, expose their proprietary business data to its algorithms, and enjoy the benefits of business analytics powered by supervised and unsupervised machine learning.